Understanding Enzymes for Plant Growth

by | Agriculture Enzymes

Soil contains enzymes that interact with the surrounding soil constituents. These include minerals, nutrients and rhizosphere among numerous others. Enzymes are biocatalysts that speed up essential biochemical reactions for plants and rhizobacteria while stabilizing the soil by degrading wastes and contributing to nutrient recycling.

The Benefits of Enzymes for Plant Growth

The nutritional quality of the soil can be improved by introducing enzyme-producing microbes or agricultural enzymatic formulations along with adding manure and fertilizer to it. Proteases when added to soil, degrade proteins in it and increase the amount of available nitrogen in the soil, thus improving the soil fertility. When urease is added to the soil, it increases bioavailable nitrogen levels that are beneficial for plant nutrition. Introducing enzymes to the soil promotes rhizobacteria that promote plant growth while reducing dependence on harmful chemical fertilizers and improving crop yield at the same time.

Soil enzymes also play a crucial role in the remediation of soil. Soil gets polluted in many ways and through impurities like heavy metals, polyphosphate rocks, urea, starch and cellulose residues. Contrary to popular belief the animal and plant fats are also not easily absorbed by plants either. Enzymes and selected microbes synergistically break down these residuals into compost, quickly making the soil fertile. These nutrients are now readily available for the plants as nutrition.

Agricultural Enzymes- Sources

The source of soil enzymes can be microbes, plants, and animals. There are numerous enzymes found in the soil. The main among them are dehydrogenases, hydrogenases, oxidases, catalases, peroxidases, lipase, phosphatase, nuclease, phytase, amylase, cellulase, xylanase, dextranase, glucosidase, galactosidase, invertase, proteinase, peptidase, glutaminase, amidase, urease, inorganic pyrophosphatase, adenosine triphosphatase, aspartate decarboxylase, and glutamate decarboxylase among several others. Commercially these enzymes are sourced from microbe cultures of both fungi and bacteria. Though bacterial cultivation is an easy process compared to fungi, fungi have a larger portfolio of enzymes that can work in extreme conditions.

Types of Enzymes for Plant Growth

Enzymes help in soil conditioning and make it nutrient-rich. Some key enzymes that are particularly beneficial include amylase, lipase, cellulase, phosphatase, urease, phytase and chitinases.

1. Amylase

Amylases are widely found in soil and are essential for a range of activities. Amylases break down complex polysaccharides like starch into simpler forms of sugar or glucose that are readily absorbed by the plants and promote growth.

2. Phosphatase

The phosphatase agricultural enzymes hydrolyze organic phosphorus compounds to inorganic phosphorus compounds. The latter is essential for enriching phosphorus in soils that lead to better fertility. Phosphatase can work in a broad range of pH and temperature and work both in acidic and alkaline soils.

3. Lipase

Lipases are enzymes that break down lipids and fats, animal or vegetable sources into simpler forms making it easier for plants to absorb. They also assist in the seed germination process by hydrolyzing the triacylglycerols into fatty acids. These fatty acids are in turn converted to simple sugars that provide the nascent plant embryo with sufficient nutrition.

4. Phytase

Phytase enzymes hydrolyze phytic acid into inorganic usable phosphorus. It also releases soluble zinc, iron and other nutrients beneficial to plant life like Myo-inositol, Myo-inositol phosphate, and inorganic monophosphate.

5. Urease

Urease is considered a very important enzyme for plant nutrition. It hydrolyzes urea into carbon dioxide and ammonia, both of which are essential for plant nutrition.

6. Cellulase

Cellulase enzyme hydrolyzes cellulose present in the form of crop residue into simpler forms and sugar that are readily absorbed by the soil. Cellulose is abundantly found in the soil and its breakdown provides the much-needed nutrients to the soil.

7. Chitinases

Chitinases have a whole other way of working as enzymes for plant growth along with promoting plant growth. These enzymes work on fungus species that are detrimental to plant health. These enzymes destroy the fungus and protect the host plant from attack by breaking down the fungal cell wall made of chitin.

Conclusion

Soil enzymes and select microbes play a key role in plant growth. They render nutrient-rich soil, decrease composting time, build plant immunity against fungus and reduce the use of chemical fertilizers. They are increasingly being used in organic farming. They help increase crop yields and provide healthy organic food options to humanity.

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COMPOSTING

Our specialised enzymes based formulation is useful for turning organic waste into Nutrient Rich Compost.


Eco-Friendly

Multi Enzymes
Complex

Accelerates
Composting

PLANT GROWTH PROMOTER

Our soil enzymes-based formulation can be used to promote better plant growth development.


Eco-Friendly

Multi Enzymes
Complex

Suitable For All Crops

SOIL ENZYMES

This specialised enzymes based formulation can be utilised to rejuvenate the soil and make it fertile for plant growth.


Degrades Soil
Contaminants

Multi Enzymes
Complex

Soil Bioremediation

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Important Enzymes Involved In The Composting Process

Important Enzymes Involved In The Composting Process

Composting is a complicated process involving organic waste and microbes. This procedure can be carried out by three types of microorganisms: bacteria, fungus, and actinomycetes depending upon the method of composting. Actinomycetes are bacteria that decompose organic...

Enzymes Used in Agriculture

Enzymes Used in Agriculture

Enzymes along with select microbes are used in agriculture as a healthier and organic replacement for chemicals. Agricultural enzymes are bioactive proteins that help increase crop production, soil fertility, and food protection. They also protect the crops from...

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Understanding Enzymes for Plant Growth

by | Agriculture Enzymes

Soil contains enzymes that interact with the surrounding soil constituents. These include minerals, nutrients and rhizosphere among numerous others. Enzymes are biocatalysts that speed up essential biochemical reactions for plants and rhizobacteria while stabilizing the soil by degrading wastes and contributing to nutrient recycling.

The Benefits of Enzymes for Plant Growth

The nutritional quality of the soil can be improved by introducing enzyme-producing microbes or agricultural enzymatic formulations along with adding manure and fertilizer to it. Proteases when added to soil, degrade proteins in it and increase the amount of available nitrogen in the soil, thus improving the soil fertility. When urease is added to the soil, it increases bioavailable nitrogen levels that are beneficial for plant nutrition. Introducing enzymes to the soil promotes rhizobacteria that promote plant growth while reducing dependence on harmful chemical fertilizers and improving crop yield at the same time.

Soil enzymes also play a crucial role in the remediation of soil. Soil gets polluted in many ways and through impurities like heavy metals, polyphosphate rocks, urea, starch and cellulose residues. Contrary to popular belief the animal and plant fats are also not easily absorbed by plants either. Enzymes and selected microbes synergistically break down these residuals into compost, quickly making the soil fertile. These nutrients are now readily available for the plants as nutrition.

Agricultural Enzymes- Sources

The source of soil enzymes can be microbes, plants, and animals. There are numerous enzymes found in the soil. The main among them are dehydrogenases, hydrogenases, oxidases, catalases, peroxidases, lipase, phosphatase, nuclease, phytase, amylase, cellulase, xylanase, dextranase, glucosidase, galactosidase, invertase, proteinase, peptidase, glutaminase, amidase, urease, inorganic pyrophosphatase, adenosine triphosphatase, aspartate decarboxylase, and glutamate decarboxylase among several others. Commercially these enzymes are sourced from microbe cultures of both fungi and bacteria. Though bacterial cultivation is an easy process compared to fungi, fungi have a larger portfolio of enzymes that can work in extreme conditions.

Types of Enzymes for Plant Growth

Enzymes help in soil conditioning and make it nutrient-rich. Some key enzymes that are particularly beneficial include amylase, lipase, cellulase, phosphatase, urease, phytase and chitinases.

1. Amylase

Amylases are widely found in soil and are essential for a range of activities. Amylases break down complex polysaccharides like starch into simpler forms of sugar or glucose that are readily absorbed by the plants and promote growth.

2. Phosphatase

The phosphatase agricultural enzymes hydrolyze organic phosphorus compounds to inorganic phosphorus compounds. The latter is essential for enriching phosphorus in soils that lead to better fertility. Phosphatase can work in a broad range of pH and temperature and work both in acidic and alkaline soils.

3. Lipase

Lipases are enzymes that break down lipids and fats, animal or vegetable sources into simpler forms making it easier for plants to absorb. They also assist in the seed germination process by hydrolyzing the triacylglycerols into fatty acids. These fatty acids are in turn converted to simple sugars that provide the nascent plant embryo with sufficient nutrition.

4. Phytase

Phytase enzymes hydrolyze phytic acid into inorganic usable phosphorus. It also releases soluble zinc, iron and other nutrients beneficial to plant life like Myo-inositol, Myo-inositol phosphate, and inorganic monophosphate.

5. Urease

Urease is considered a very important enzyme for plant nutrition. It hydrolyzes urea into carbon dioxide and ammonia, both of which are essential for plant nutrition.

6. Cellulase

Cellulase enzyme hydrolyzes cellulose present in the form of crop residue into simpler forms and sugar that are readily absorbed by the soil. Cellulose is abundantly found in the soil and its breakdown provides the much-needed nutrients to the soil.

7. Chitinases

Chitinases have a whole other way of working as enzymes for plant growth along with promoting plant growth. These enzymes work on fungus species that are detrimental to plant health. These enzymes destroy the fungus and protect the host plant from attack by breaking down the fungal cell wall made of chitin.

Conclusion

Soil enzymes and select microbes play a key role in plant growth. They render nutrient-rich soil, decrease composting time, build plant immunity against fungus and reduce the use of chemical fertilizers. They are increasingly being used in organic farming. They help increase crop yields and provide healthy organic food options to humanity.

Share this post

0 Comments

Submit a Comment

Your email address will not be published.

COMPOSTING

Our specialised enzymes based formulation is useful for turning organic waste into Nutrient Rich Compost.

Eco-Friendly

Multi Enzymes Complex

Accelerates Composting

PLANT GROWTH PROMOTER

Our soil enzymes-based formulation can be used to promote better plant growth development.

Eco-Friendly

Multi Enzymes Complex

Suitable For All Crops

SOIL ENZYMES

This specialised enzymes based formulation can be utilised to rejuvenate the soil and make it fertile for plant growth.

Degrades Soil Contaminants

Multi Enzymes Complex

Soil Bioremediation

Related Articles
Important Enzymes Involved In The Composting Process

Important Enzymes Involved In The Composting Process

Composting is a complicated process involving organic waste and microbes. This procedure can be carried out by three types of microorganisms: bacteria, fungus, and actinomycetes depending upon the method of composting. Actinomycetes are bacteria that decompose organic...

Enzymes Used in Agriculture

Enzymes Used in Agriculture

Enzymes along with select microbes are used in agriculture as a healthier and organic replacement for chemicals. Agricultural enzymes are bioactive proteins that help increase crop production, soil fertility, and food protection. They also protect the crops from...

Application Of Enzymes In Agriculture

Application Of Enzymes In Agriculture

Uses Of Enzymes In Agriculture Since the very early times, when people were dependent upon agriculture for their survival to the current times when again people are dependent over agriculture, the common factor remains to be of produce. The produce of agriculture...